Object Oriented Programming vs Functional Programming

Data vs. Behavior: OOP focuses on objects, which are collections of data (fields) and behavior (methods).

Mutable vs. Immutable Data: OOP allows data to be mutable, meaning it can be changed after it is created.

Imperative vs. Declarative Programming: OOP is an imperative programming paradigm, which means that it focuses on how to achieve a result by specifying a sequence of steps.

State vs. No State: OOP programs have a state, which is data that can be changed during the execution of the program.

Encapsulation: OOP emphasizes encapsulation, which is the practice of bundling data and methods together within an object.

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